LANDFIRE.AK_140FBFM13

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Wildland Fire Science, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 20161031
Publication_Time: unknown
Title: LANDFIRE.AK_140FBFM13
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: LANDFIRE Fire Behavior Fuel Model 13
Issue_Identification: LF 2014
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Sioux Falls, SD
Publisher:
Wildland Fire Science, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: United States Forest Service
Online_Linkage: <https://landfire.cr.usgs.gov/viewer/>
Online_Linkage: <https://www.landfire.gov>
Description:
Abstract:
The LANDFIRE fuel data describe the composition and characteristics of both surface fuel and canopy fuel. Specific products include fire behavior fuel models, canopy bulk density (CBD), canopy base height (CBH), canopy cover (CC), canopy height (CH), and fuel loading models (FLMs). These data may be implemented within models to predict the behavior and effects of wildland fire. These data are useful for strategic fuel treatment prioritization and tactical assessment of fire behavior and effects. DATA SUMMARY: Thirteen typical surface fuel arrangements or "collections of fuel properties" (Anderson 1982) were described to serve as input for Rothermel's mathematical surface fire behavior and spread model (Rothermel 1972). These fire behavior fuel models represent distinct distributions of fuel loadings found among surface fuel components (live and dead), size classes and fuel types. The fuel models are described by the most common fire carrying fuel type (grass, brush, timber litter or slash), loading and surface area-to-volume ratio by size class and component, fuelbed depth and moisture of extinction. This dataset can be used for fire spread related characteristics models. In fire behavior fuel models, canopy characteristics are used to compute shading, wind reduction factors, spotting distances, crown fuel volume, spread characteristics of crown fires and incorporate the effects of ladder fuels for transitions from a surface to crown fire. Canopy characteristics refer to the tree canopy. Where there are tree canopies, i.e. existing vegetation types that are forest and woodland, LANDFIRE has attributed the grid with canopy characteristics with some exceptions. There will be no canopy characteristics in fuel types where the tree canopy is considered a part of the surface fuel and the surface fire behavior fuel model is chosen as such. This is because LANDFIRE assumes the potential burnable biomass in the tree canopy has been accounted for in the surface fuel model parameters. For example, young or short conifer stands where the trees are represented by a shrub type fuel model will not have canopy characteristics. Field plot data contributed either directly or indirectly to this LANDFIRE National data product. Go to <http://landfire.gov/participate_refdata_sub.php> for more information regarding contributors of field plot data. LANDFIRE 2014 (lf_1.4.0) used LANDFIRE 2012 (lf_1.3.0) data as a launching point to incorporate disturbance and its severity, both managed and natural, which occurred on the landscape after 2012. Specific examples of disturbance are: fire, vegetation management, wind, and insect and disease. Disturbance data used in the updating is the result of several efforts that include data derived in part from remotely sensed land change methods, Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS), and the LANDFIRE events data call. Vegetation growth was modeled where disturbance occurred.
Purpose:
LANDFIRE data products are designed to facilitate national- and regional-level strategic planning and reporting of management activities. Data products are created at a 30-meter grid spatial resolution raster data set; however, the applicability of data products varies by location and specific use. Principal purposes of the data products include providing, 1) national-level, landscape-scale geospatial products to support fire and fuels management planning, and, 2) consistent fuels data to support fire planning, analysis, and budgeting to evaluate fire management alternatives. Users are advised to evaluate the data carefully for their applications.
Supplemental_Information:
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20000101
Ending_Date: 20010101
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Continually
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -179.8299135763675
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -138.75803269007818
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 71.14926911648406
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 50.824773478534226
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Category
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: 010
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: fbfm13
Theme_Keyword: GIS
Theme_Keyword: Refresh 2014
Theme_Keyword: Fuel Map
Theme_Keyword: LF_1.4.0
Theme_Keyword: Raster digital data
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: Fire Behavior Fuel Model
Theme_Keyword: USFS
Theme_Keyword: United States Forest Service
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: LANDFIRE
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, and their principal administrative divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard 10-4,): Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: U.S.
Place_Keyword: US
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Although LANDFIRE products are delivered as 30-meter pixels, they should not be used at the individual pixel level or on small groups of pixels. LANDFIRE products were designed to support 1) national (all states) strategic planning, 2) regional (single large states or groups of smaller states), and 3) strategic/tactical planning for large sub-regional landscapes and Fire Management Units (FMUs) (such as significant portions of states or multiple federal administrative entities). The applicability of LANDFIRE products to support fire and land management planning on smaller areas will vary by product, location, and specific use. Further investigation by local and regional experts should be conducted to inform decisions regarding local applicability. However, it is the responsibility of the local user, using LANDFIRE metadata and local knowledge, to determine if and/or how LANDFIRE can be used for particular areas of interest. LANDFIRE products are not intended to replace local products, but rather serve as a back-up by providing wall-to-wall cross-boundary products. It is the responsibility of the user to be familiar with the value, assumptions, and limitations of LANDFIRE products. Managers and planners must evaluate LANDFIRE data according to the scale and requirements specific to their needs.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Wildland Fire Science, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: physical
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: helpdesk@landfire.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
Data have been collected and analyzed by teams at both the USGS EROS, Sioux Falls, SD and at the USFS, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula, MT. Depending on the data set described primary responsibility may reside with USGS EROS or with USFS. Contact information will be listed in the Contact Section and in the Metadata Reference section with regards to the primary responsibility.
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: None in place
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description:
If there is ever doubt, contact the appropriate resource staff who has stewardship responsibility and the GIS Coordinator.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.0 (Build 2195) Service Pack 4; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.0.0.535
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Anderson, H.E.
Publication_Date: 19820101
Title: Aids to determining fuel models for estimating fire behavior
Other_Citation_Details:
General Technical Report INT-122, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Finney, M.A.
Publication_Date: 19980101
Title: FARSITE: Fire area simulator-model development and evaluation
Other_Citation_Details: U.S. Department of Agriculture, RMRS-RP-4, p. 51
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Rothermel, R.C.
Publication_Date: 19720101
Title:
A mathematical model for predicting fire spread in wildland fuels
Other_Citation_Details:
Research Paper INT-115, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Rothermel, R.C.
Publication_Date: 19830101
Title:
How to predict the spread and intensity of forest and range fires
Other_Citation_Details:
General Technical Report INT-143, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, UT

Data_Quality_Information:
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
LANDFIRE Refresh 2001 (lf_1.0.5) A series of workshops were held across the 48 states with fire and fuels specialists to assist the Landfire team in determining surface fuel models for existing vegetation types based on rulesets developed by the existing cover and height of the vegetation. The resultant spatial arrangement of surface fuel models were applied to the National Map and are known as the Landfire National Calibrated Fuel Model Set of fire behavior fuel model 13 and fire behavior fuel model 40. In order to bring these fuel model sets to the age of the imagery and to incorporate new methods for determining cover and height, the fuel model sets were combined spatially with new spatial information and re-assembled as the lf_1.0.5 (Refresh 2001) data set. The lf_1.0.5 (Refresh 2001) data set incorporates some new LANDFIRE Existing Vegetation Type (EVT) values, new LANDFIRE Existing Vegetation Cover (EVC), and new LANDFIRE Existing Vegetation Height (EVH) from the Landfire National effort. Since the rulesets for fuel model development were based on EVT, EVC, and EVH the distribution and count of pixels in each fuel model group may be different from the Landfire National Calibrated Fuel Model Set. The changes in count and arrangement of the surface fuel models was minimized, as much as possible, by the rectification process as the new layers were combined.
Process_Date: 20100909
Process_Time: 124923
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
LANDFIRE 2010 (lf_1.2.0) and Refresh 2008 (lf_1.1.0): To bring the fuel model set from the age of the imagery to a more current time period (2010 or 2008), the LF_1.0.5 fuels data set was revised based on the modeled change in vegetation (type, cover, height) through disturbance and natural processes. Five major disturbance types are displayed in the LF_1.1.0/LF_1.2.0 fuel model dataset described by three intensities and two time periods since the disturbance event. The five disturbance types are: 1. Fire 2. Mechanical A which manipulates fuels on site but does not reduce the loading 3. Mechanical B which removes fuel mass from the site 4. Wind 5. Insect and Disease The three intensities for mortality of above ground vegetation are: high >75% , moderate 25-75% , and low 0-25%. The time periods since the disturbance event are 0-3 years and 4-10 years (the first time step is 0-3 years due to quick return of vegetation). Based on the intensity of the disturbance and the time since the event the surface fuel model was changed to reflect the change in surface vegetation from modeling and expert opinion inputs. Generally, the second time step since disturbance returned the fuel model to its original state due to the quick return of the vegetation. The rulesets in the Calibrated Fuel Model Set were not revised in this process. Vegetation in areas that were not included in the disturbance layer was modeled through growth simulation models. Determination of the change in FBFM13/40 due to disturbance or natural processes was based on information attained from Forest Vegetation Simulator /Fire and Fuels Extension (FVS/FFE) and local expert opinion.
Process_Date: 20130331
Process_Time: 115954

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: fbfm13
Entity_Type_Definition: Fire Behavior Fuel Model 13
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ObjectID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Value
Attribute_Definition: Fire behavior fuel model 13
Attribute_Definition_Source: Landfire
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM1: Surface fires that burn fine herbaceous fuels, cured and curing fuels, little shrub or timber present, primarily grasslands and savanna
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM2: Burns fine, herbaceous fuels, stand is curing or dead, may produce fire brands on oak or pine stands
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM3: Most intense fire of grass group, spreads quickly with wind, one third of stand dead or cured, stands average 3 ft tall
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM4: Fast spreading fire, continuous overstory, flammable foliage and dead woody material, deep litter layer can inhibit suppression
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM5: Low intensity fires, young, green shrubs with little dead material, fuels consist of litter from understory
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 6
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM6: Broad range of shrubs, fire requires moderate winds to maintain flame at shrub height, or will drop to the ground with low winds
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 7
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM7: Foliage highly flammable, allowing fire to reach shrub strata levels, shrubs generally 2 to 6 feet high
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 8
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM8: Slow, ground burning fires, closed canopy stands with short needle conifers or hardwoods, litter consist mainly of needles and leaves, with little undergrowth, occasional flares with concentrated fuels
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 9
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM9: Longer flames, quicker surface fires, closed canopy stands of long-needles or hardwoods, rolling leaves in fall can cause spotting, dead-down material can cause occasional crowning
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM10: Surface and ground fire more intense, dead-down fuels more abundant, frequent crowning and spotting causing fire control to be more difficult
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 11
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM11: Fairly active fire, fuels consist of slash and herbaceous materials, slash originates from light partial cuts or thinning projects, fire is limited by spacing of fuel load and shade from overstory
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 12
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM12: Rapid spreading and high intensity fires, dominated by slash resulting from heavy thinning projects and clearcuts, slash is mostly 3 inches or less in diameter, fire is usually sustained until there is a fuel break or a change in fuel type
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 13
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FBFM13: Fire spreads quickly through smaller material and intensity builds slowly as large material ignites, continuous layer of slash larger than 3 inches in diameter predominates, resulting from clearcuts and heavy partial cuts, active flames sustained for long periods of time, fire is susceptible to spotting and weather conditions
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Anderson, Hal
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 91
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NB1: Urban
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 92
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NB2: Snow/Ice
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 93
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NB3: Agriculture
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 98
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NB8: Water
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 99
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NB9: Barren
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -9999
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NoData
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Count
Attribute_Definition: Number of pixels
Attribute_Definition_Source: Landfire
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: number of pixels
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Fbfm13
Attribute_Definition: Fire behavior fuel model 13 description
Attribute_Definition_Source: Landfire
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM6
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 6
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM7
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 7
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM8
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 8
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM9
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 9
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM11
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 11
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM12
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 12
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FBFM13
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 13
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Urban
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 91
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Snow/Ice
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 92
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Agriculture
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 93
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Water
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 98
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Barren
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 99
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Red
Attribute_Definition: Red color value/255
Attribute_Definition_Source: Landfire
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Green
Attribute_Definition: Green color value/255
Attribute_Definition_Source: Landfire
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Blue
Attribute_Definition: Blue color value/255
Attribute_Definition_Source: Landfire
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Fuel Model 13 Group Description
1 Grass Surface fires that burn fine herbaceous fuels, cured and curing fuels, little shrub or timber present, primarily grasslands and savanna 2 Grass Burns fine, herbaceous fuels, stand is curing or dead, may produce fire brands on oak or pine stands 3 Grass Most intense fire of grass group, spreads quickly with wind, one third of stand dead or cured, stands average 3 ft tall
4 Shrub Fast spreading fire, continuous overstory, flammable foliage and dead woody material, deep litter layer can inhibit suppression 5 Shrub Low intensity fires, young, green shrubs with little dead material, fuels consist of litter from understory 6 Shrub Broad range of shrubs, fire requires moderate winds to maintain flame at shrub height, or will drop to the ground with low winds 7 Shrub Foliage highly flammable, allowing fire to reach shrub strata levels, shrubs generally 2 to 6 feet high
8 Timber Slow, ground burning fires, closed canopy stands with short needle conifers or hardwoods, litter consist mainly of needles and leaves, with little undergrowth, occasional flares with concentrated fuels 9 Timber Longer flames, quicker surface fires, closed canopy stands of long-needles or hardwoods, rolling leaves in fall can cause spotting, dead-down material can cause occasional crowning 10 Timber Surface and ground fire more intense, dead-down fuels more abundant, frequent crowning and spotting causing fire control to be more difficult
11 Logging Slash Fairly active fire, fuels consist of slash and herbaceous materials, slash originates from light partial cuts or thinning projects, fire is limited by spacing of fuel load and shade from overstory 12 Logging Slash Rapid spreading and high intensity fires, dominated by slash resulting from heavy thinning projects and clearcuts, slash is mostly 3 inches or less in diameter, fire is usually sustained until there is a fuel break or a change in fuel type 13 Logging Slash Fire spreads quickly through smaller material and intensity builds slowly as large material ignites, continuous layer of slash larger than 3 inches in diameter predominates, resulting from clearcuts and heavy partial cuts, active flames sustained for long periods of time, fire is susceptible to spotting and weather conditions
91 Urban 92 Snow/Ice 93 Agriculture 98 Water 99 Barren -9999 NoData
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: LANDFIRE Improvements Fire Behavior Fuel Model 13

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position:
Wildland Fire Science, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 47914 252nd Street
Address: USGS EROS
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: helpdesk@landfire.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0800 - 1600, CT M-F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Contact_Instructions:
The USGS point of contact is for questions relating only to the data display and download from this web site. For questions regarding data content and quality, refer to the original metadata document.
Distribution_Liability:
This product is reproduced from geospatial information prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service and USGS EROS. By removing the contents of this package or taking receipt of these files via electronic file transfer methods, you understand that the data stored on this media is in draft condition. Represented features may not be in an accurate geographic location. The Forest Service and USGS EROS make no expressed or implied warranty, including warranty of merchantability and fitness, with respect to the character, function, or capabilities of the data or their appropriateness for any user's purposes. The Forest Service and USGS EROS reserve the right to correct, update, modify, or replace this geospatial information without notification.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Arc Grid
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS 10.x
Format_Specification: Raster
Transfer_Size: 27.49
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://landfire.cr.usgs.gov/viewer>
Fees: None
Turnaround: Variable
Available_Time_Period:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20100101
Ending_Date: unknown

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20070201
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Geological Survey, Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
Contact_Position: Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: USGS EROS
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: helpdesk@landfire.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0800 - 1600 CT, M - F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System: None
Metadata_Security_Classification: Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description: None

Generated by mp version 2.9.12 on Sat Feb 04 11:33:50 2017