LANDFIRE.PM_F40SP19

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Wildland Fire Science, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 20190531
Publication_Time: unknown
Title: LANDFIRE.PM_F40SP19
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Provisional MoD-FIS Fire Behavior Fuel Model 40 Spring 2019 (PM_F40SP19)
Issue_Identification: Spring 2019
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Sioux Falls, SD
Publisher:
Wildland Fire Science, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <http://landfire.cr.usgs.gov/viewer/>
Online_Linkage: <http://www.landfire.gov>
Description:
Abstract:
The LANDFIRE (LF) fuel data describe the composition and characteristics of both surface fuel and canopy fuel. Specific products include fire behavior fuel models, canopy bulk density (CBD), canopy base height (CBH), canopy cover (CC), canopy height (CH), and fuel loading models (FLMs). These data may be implemented within models to predict the behavior and effects of wildland fire. These data are useful for strategic fuel treatment prioritization and tactical assessment of fire behavior and effects. DATA SUMMARY: The MoD-FIS for the Great Basin and Southwest is based on the vegetation greenness values from the Landsat-based Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and its relationship to LF Existing Vegetation Cover (EVC) for the herbaceous and shrub lifeforms. The current year NDVI values are compared to a ten year minimum, average, and maximum values provided by WELD (Web-enabled Landsat data). This 30 meter resolution data is the same scale as LF EVC and was temporally analyzed for the years 2003 through 2012. From this analysis values that range from barren to sparse and then 10% cover classes for herbaceous pixels through 99% cover were found for minimum, average, and maximum NDVI. Average NDVI values were found for all shrub pixels within the analysis area. Several key components that were developed within the LF Fine Fuel Dynamic (LF_FFD) are described below to outline the workings of the system:A ten year (2003-2012) average NDVI value was calculated for each pixel within the analysis area (see map in Appendix A) which stretches from west Texas to Southeast Washington State.-The pixel average NDVI was combined with LF EVC and analyzed to calculate a weighted average NDVI value for each cover class by LF map zone.-A standard deviation test was developed for the average of all the map zones within the analysis area (14 map zones); whereas map zones whose weighted average value by cover class that was not within one standard deviation to the over-all average the zone was omitted as an outlier for that cover class (see relationship Appendix A).-A median value was then calculated for the accepted map zones values from the standard deviation test.-The median value was then used in a regression model from which the resulting equation is applied to NDVI to arrive at a cover class. That percent cover is then Re-classed through LF cover classifications to determine the NDVI predicted herbaceous and shrub mapping by cover class.-FBFM40 fuel models were developed for the NDVI predicted increase and/or decrease in herbaceous fuel cover.-The fuel rulesets for change in fuel model by predicted herbaceous cover were developed in grid format for the 10 year average, ten year maximum, and the year 2012 for testing.-Current year NDVI values are mapped by these cover and fuel model rules to adjust the amount of burnable fine fuel available across the analysis area on an annual basis.Shrub cover mapping-Shrubs mapping was conducted using the 10 year average NDVI rather than current year NDVI so change from year to year in the shrub lifeform will not be apparent.-10 to 19% shrub cover was added to the herbaceous lifeform cover class-With such sparse shrubs per pixel it was felt that if the reflectance picked up significant vegetation it would be herbaceous and that herbaceous vegetation would determine the fire behavior not the shrubs within those pixels.-Since NDVI is not zone specific seam lines that had previously existed in the LF data do not exist in this product.Barren and Sparse-The average NDVI linear model is used to determine the breakpoints for Barren and Sparse and percent cover.-Sparse breakpoints are at 0.1 to 9% cover and is given a burnable fuel model (GR1). Areas with 0% cover are Barren (had No vegetation growth within 10 year stack)These provisional MoD_FIS fire behavior fuel models (PM_FBFM40) represent distinct distributions of fuel loadings found among surface fuel components (live and dead), size classes and fuel types. The fuel models are described by the most common fire carrying fuel type (grass, brush, timber litter or slash), loading and surface area-to-volume ratio by size class and component, fuelbed depth and moisture of extinction. Further detail can be found in Scott and Burgan (2005) and Rothermel (1983). This data layer contains a complete set of fire behavior fuel models for use with Rothermel's fire spread models. Characteristics of the new fuel model set, its development and its relationship to the original set of 13 fire behavior fuel models can be found in Burgan (2005). In fire behavior fuel models, canopy characteristics are used to compute shading, wind reduction factors, spotting distances, crown fuel volume, spread characteristics of crown fires and incorporate the effects of ladder fuels for transitions from a surface to crown fire. Canopy characteristics refer to the tree canopy. Where there are tree canopies, i.e. existing vegetation types that are forest and woodland, LF has attributed the grid with canopy characteristics with some exceptions. There will be no canopy characteristics in fuel types where the tree canopy is considered a part of the surface fuel and the surface fire behavior fuel model is chosen as such. This is because LF assumes the potential burnable biomass in the tree canopy has been accounted for in the surface fuel model parameters. For example, young or short conifer stands where the trees are represented by a shrub type fuel model will not have canopy characteristics. Visit fire behavior fuel model 40 for more information.
Purpose:
LANDFIRE data products are designed to facilitate national- and regional-level strategic planning and reporting of management activities. Data products are created at a 30-meter grid spatial resolution raster data set; however, the applicability of data products varies by location and specific use. Principal purposes of the data products include providing, 1) national-level, landscape-scale geospatial products to support fire and fuels management planning, and, 2) consistent fuels data to support fire planning, analysis, and budgeting to evaluate fire management alternatives. Users are advised to evaluate the data carefully for their applications.
Supplemental_Information: The NoData Value in this image is -9999
Spatial-specific information not available
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Continually
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate:-118.427
East_Bounding_Coordinate:-98.701
North_Bounding_Coordinate:37.97
South_Bounding_Coordinate:28.902
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Category
Theme_Keyword: 010
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: LF_1.4.0
Theme_Keyword: Fuel Map
Theme_Keyword: Fire Behavior Fuel Model
Theme_Keyword: fbfm40
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: USFS
Theme_Keyword: United States Forest Service
Theme_Keyword: Raster digital data
Theme_Keyword: LANDFIRE
Theme_Keyword: GIS
Theme_Keyword: LANDFIRE 2014
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, and their principal administrative divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard 10-4,): Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: U.S.
Place_Keyword: US
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Although LANDFIRE products are delivered as 30-meter pixels, they should not be used at the individual pixel level or on small groups of pixels. LANDFIRE products were designed to support 1) national (all states) strategic planning, 2) regional (single large states or groups of smaller states), and 3) strategic/tactical planning for large sub-regional landscapes and Fire Management Units (FMUs) (such as significant portions of states or multiple federal administrative entities). The applicability of LANDFIRE products to support fire and land management planning on smaller areas will vary by product, location, and specific use. Further investigation by local and regional experts should be conducted to inform decisions regarding local applicability. However, it is the responsibility of the local user, using LANDFIRE metadata and local knowledge, to determine if and/or how LANDFIRE can be used for particular areas of interest. LANDFIRE products are not intended to replace local products, but rather serve as a back-up by providing wall-to-wall cross-boundary products. It is the responsibility of the user to be familiar with the value, assumptions, and limitations of LANDFIRE products. Managers and planners must evaluate LANDFIRE data according to the scale and requirements specific to their needs.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Wildland Fire Science, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: physical
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: helpdesk@landfire.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
Data have been collected and analyzed by teams at both the USGS EROS, Sioux Falls, SD and at the USFS, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula, MT. Depending on the data set described primary responsibility may reside with USGS EROS or with USFS. Contact information will be listed in the Contact Section and in the Metadata Reference section with regards to the primary responsibility.
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: None in place
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description:
If there is ever doubt, contact the appropriate resource staff who has stewardship responsibility and the GIS Coordinator.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.0 (Build 2195) Service Pack 4; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.0.0.535
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Rothermel, R.C.
Publication_Date: 19830101
Title:
How to predict the spread and intensity of forest and range fires
Other_Citation_Details:
General Technical Report INT-143, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, UT
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Scott, J.H, and R.E. Burgan.
Publication_Date: 20050101
Title:
Standard fire behavior fuel models: A comprehensive set for use with Rothermel's surface fire spread model
Other_Citation_Details: United States Department of Agriculture, RMRS, GTR RMRS-GTR-153

Data_Quality_Information:
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
LANDFIRE Refresh 2001 (lf_1.0.5): A series of workshops were held across the 48 states with fire and fuels specialists to assist the Landfire team in determining surface fuel models for existing vegetation types based on rulesets developed by the existing cover and height of the vegetation. The resultant spatial arrangement of surface fuel models were applied to the National Map and are known as the Landfire National Calibrated Fuel Model Set of fire behavior fuel model 13 and fire behavior fuel model 40. In order to bring these fuel model sets to the age of the imagery and to incorporate new methods for determining cover and height, the fuel model sets were combined spatially with new spatial information and re-assembled as the lf_1.0.5 (Refresh 2001) data set. The lf_1.0.5 (Refresh 2001) data set incorporates some new LANDFIRE Existing Vegetation Type (EVT) values, new LANDFIRE Existing Vegetation Cover (EVC), and new LANDFIRE Existing Vegetation Height (EVH) from the Landfire National effort. Since the rulesets for fuel model development were based on EVT, EVC, and EVH the distribution and count of pixels in each fuel model group may be different from the Landfire National Calibrated Fuel Model Set. The changes in count and arrangement of the surface fuel models was minimized, as much as possible, by the rectification process as the new layers were combined.
Process_Date: 20100101
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
LANDFIRE 2010 (lf_1.2.0) and Refresh 2008 (lf_1.1.0): To bring the fuel model set from the age of the imagery to a more current time period (2010 or 2008), the LF_1.0.5 fuels data set was revised based on the modeled change in vegetation (type, cover, height) through disturbance and natural processes. Five major disturbance types are displayed in the LF_1.1.0/LF_1.2.0 fuel model dataset described by three intensities and two time periods since the disturbance event. The five disturbance types are: 1. Fire 2. Mechanical A which manipulates fuels on site but does not reduce the loading 3. Mechanical B which removes fuel mass from the site 4. Wind 5. Insect and Disease The three intensities for mortality of above ground vegetation are: high >75% , moderate 25-75% , and low 0-25%. The time periods since the disturbance event are 0-3 years and 4-10 years (the first time step is 0-3 years due to quick return of vegetation). Based on the intensity of the disturbance and the time since the event the surface fuel model was changed to reflect the change in surface vegetation from modeling and expert opinion inputs. Generally, the second time step since disturbance returned the fuel model to its original state due to the quick return of the vegetation. The rulesets in the Calibrated Fuel Model Set were not revised in this process. Vegetation in areas that were not included in the disturbance layer was modeled through growth simulation models. Determination of the change in FBFM13/40 due to disturbance or natural processes was based on information attained from Forest Vegetation Simulator /Fire and Fuels Extension (FVS/FFE) and local expert opinion.
Process_Date: 20130331
Process_Time: 124930

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: fbfm40
Entity_Type_Definition: Fire Behavior Fuel Model 40
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Landfire
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ObjectID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Value
Attribute_Definition: Fire behavior fuel model 40
Attribute_Definition_Source: Landfire
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 91
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NB1: Urban
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 92
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NB2: Snow/Ice
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 93
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NB3: Agriculture
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 98
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NB8: Water
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 99
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NB9: Barren
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 101
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
GR1: Grass is short naturally or heavy grazing, predicted rate of fire spread and flame length is low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 102
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
GR2: Primarily grass with some small amounts of fine, dead fuel, any shrubs do not affect fire behavior
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 103
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
GR3: Continuous, coarse humid climate grass, any shrubs do not affect fire behavior
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 104
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: GR4: Continuous, dry climate grass, fuelbed depth about 2 feet
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 105
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: GR5: Humid climate grass, fuelbed depth is about 1-2 feet
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 106
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: GR6: Continuous humid climate grass, not so coarse as GR5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 107
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: GR7: Continuous dry climate grass, grass is about 3 feet high
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 108
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
GR8: Continuous, coarse humid climate grass, spread rate and flame length may be extreme if grass is fully cured
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 109
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
GR9: Dense, tall, humid climate grass, about 6 feet tall, spread rate and flame length can be extreme if grass is fully cured
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 121
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
GS1: Shrubs are about 1 foot high, grass load is low, spread rate moderate and flame length is low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 122
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
GS2: Shrubs are 1-3 feet high, grass load is moderate, spread rate high and flame length is moderate
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 123
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
GS3: Moderate grass/shrub load, grass/shrub depth is less than 2 feet, spread rate is high and flame length is moderate
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 124
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
GS4: Heavy grass/shrub load, depth is greater than 2 feet, spread rate is high and flame length very high
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 141
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SH1: Woody shrubs and shrub litter, fuelbed depth about 1 foot, may be some grass, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 142
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SH2: Woody shrubs and shrub litter, fuelbed depth about 1 foot, no grass, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 143
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SH3: Woody shrubs and shrub litter, possible pine overstory, fuelbed depth 2-3 feet, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 144
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SH4: Woody shrubs and shrub litter, low to moderate load, possible pine overstory, fuelbed depth about 3 feet, spread rate high and flame moderate
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 145
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SH5: Grass and shrubs combined, heavy load with depth greater than 2 feet, spread rate and flame very high
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 146
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SH6: Woody shrubs and shrub litter, dense shrubs, little or no herbaceous fuel, depth about 2 feet, spread rate and flame high
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 147
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SH7: Woody shrubs and shrub litter, very heavy shrub load, depth 4-6 feet, spread rate somewhat lower than SH6 and flame very high
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 148
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SH8: Woody shrubs and shrub litter, dense shrubs, little or no herbaceous fuel, depth about 3 feet, spread rate and flame high
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 149
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SH9: Woody shrubs and shrub litter, dense finely branched shrubs with fine dead fuel, 4-6 feet tall, herbaceous may be present, spread rate and flame high
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 161
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TU1: Low load of grass and/or shrub with litter, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 162
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TU2: Moderate litter load with some shrub, spread rate moderate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 163
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TU3: Moderate forest litter with some grass and shrub, spread rate high and flame moderate
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 164
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TU4: Short conifer trees with grass or moss understory, spread rate and flame moderate
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 165
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TU5: Heavy forest litter with shrub or small tree understory, spread rate and flame moderate
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 181
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TL1: Compact forest litter, light to moderate load, 1-2 inches deep, may represent a recent burn, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 182
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: TL2: Broadleaf, hardwood litter, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 183
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TL3: Moderate load conifer litter, light load of coarse fuels, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 184
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TL4: Moderate load of fine litter and coarse fuels, small diameter downed logs, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 185
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TL5: High load conifer litter, light slash or dead fuel, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 186
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TL6: Moderate load broadleaf litter, spread rate and flame moderate
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 187
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TL7: Heavy load forest litter, larger diameter downed logs, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 188
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TL8: Moderate load long needle pine litter, may have small amounts of herbaceous fuel, spread rate moderate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 189
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
TL9: Very high load fluffy broadleaf litter, may be heavy needle drape, spread rate and flame moderate
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 201
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SB1: Light dead and down activity fuel, fine fuel is 10-20 t/ac, 1-3 inches in diameter, depth less than 1 foot, spread rate moderate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 202
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SB2: Moderate dead down activity fuel or light blowdown, 7-12 t/ac, 0-3 inch diameter class, depth about 1 foot, blowdown scattered with many still standing, spread rate and flame low
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 203
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SB3: Heavy dead down activity fuel or moderate blowdown, 7-12t/ac, 0-.25 inch diameter class, depth greater than 1 foot, blowdown moderate, spread rate and flame high
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 204
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SB4: Heavy blowdown fuel, blowdown total, foliage and fine fuel still attached to blowdown, spread rate and flame very high
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -9999
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: NoData
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Count
Attribute_Definition: Number of pixels
Attribute_Definition_Source: Landfire
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Number of pixels
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Fbfm40
Attribute_Definition: Fire behavior fuel model 40
Attribute_Definition_Source: Landfire
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
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Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 91
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: NB2
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Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: NB3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 93
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: NB8
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 98
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: NB9
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 99
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LANDFIRE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: GR1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 101:
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Attribute_Domain_Values:
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Enumerated_Domain_Value: GR2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 102
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: GR3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 103
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: GR4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 104
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Scott and Burgan (2005)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
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Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Value Fuel Model Code Name Description 91 NB1 Urban 92 NB2 Snow/Ice 93 NB3 Ag 98 NB8 Water 99 NB9 Barren 101 GR1 Short, sparse dry climate grass Grass is short naturally or heavy grazing, predicted rate of fire spread and flame length is low 102 GR2 Low load, dry climate grass Primarily grass with some small amounts of fine, dead fuel, any shrubs do not affect fire behavior 103 GR3 Low load, very coarse, humid climate grass Continuous, coarse humid climate grass, any shrubs do not affect fire behavior 104 GR4 Moderate load, dry climate grass Continuous, dry climate grass, fuelbed depth about 2 feet 105 GR5 Low load, humid climate grass Humid climate grass, fuelbed depth is about 1-2 feet 106 GR6 Moderate load, humid climate grass Continuous humid climate grass, not so coarse as GR5 107 GR7 High load, dry climate grass Continuous dry climate grass, grass is about 3 feet high 108 GR8 High load, very coarse, humid climate grass Continuous, coarse humid climate grass, spread rate and flame length may be extreme if grass is fully cured 109 GR9 Very high load, humid climate grass Dense, tall, humid climate grass, about 6 feet tall, spread rate and flame length can be extreme if grass is fully cured 121 GS1 Low load, dry climate grass-shrub Shrubs are about 1 foot high, grass load is low, spread rate moderate and flame length is low 122 GS2 Moderate load, dry climate grass-shrub Shrubs are 1-3 feet high, grass load is moderate, spread rate high and flame length is moderate 123 GS3 Moderate load, humid climate grass-shrub Moderate grass/shrub load, grass/shrub depth is less than 2 feet, spread rate is high and flame length is moderate 124 GS4 High load, humid climate grass-shrub Heavy grass/shrub load, depth is greater than 2 feet, spread rate is high and flame length very high 141 SH1 Low load dry climate shrub Woody shrubs and shrub litter, fuelbed depth about 1 foot, may be some grass, spread rate and flame low 142 SH2 Moderate load dry climate shrub Woody shrubs and shrub litter, fuelbed depth about 1 foot, no grass, spread rate and flame low 143 SH3 Moderate load, humid climate shrub Woody shrubs and shrub litter, possible pine overstory, fuelbed depth 2-3 feet, spread rate and flame low 144 SH4 Low load, humid climate timber shrub Woody shrubs and shrub litter, low to moderate load, possible pine overstory, fuelbed depth about 3 feet, spread rate high and flame moderate 145 SH5 High load, humid climate grass-shrub Grass and shrubs combined, heavy load with depth greater than 2 feet, spread rate and flame very high 146 SH6 Low load, humid climate shrub Woody shrubs and shrub litter, dense shrubs, little or no herbaceous fuel, depth about 2 feet, spread rate and flame high 147 SH7 Very high load, dry climate shrub Woody shrubs and shrub litter, very heavy shrub load, depth 4-6 feet, spread rate somewhat lower than SH6 and flame very high 148 SH8 High load, humid climate shrub Woody shrubs and shrub litter, dense shrubs, little or no herbaceous fuel, depth about 3 feet, spread rate and flame high
149 SH9 Very high load, humid climate shrub Woody shrubs and shrub litter, dense finely branched shrubs with fine dead fuel, 4-6 feet tall, herbaceous may be present, spread rate and flame high 161 TU1 Low load dry climate timber grass shrub Low load of grass and/or shrub with litter, spread rate and flame low 162 TU2 Moderate load, humid climate timber-shrub Moderate litter load with some shrub, spread rate moderate and flame low 163 TU3 Moderate load, humid climate timber grass shrub Moderate forest litter with some grass and shrub, spread rate high and flame moderate 164 TU4 Dwarf conifer with understory Short conifer trees with grass or moss understory, spread rate and flame moderate 165 TU5 Very high load, dry climate shrub Heavy forest litter with shrub or small tree understory, spread rate and flame moderate 181 TL1 Low load compact conifer litter Compact forest litter, light to moderate load, 1-2 inches deep, may represent a recent burn, spread rate and flame low 182 TL2 Low load broadleaf litter Broadleaf, hardwood litter, spread rate and flame low 183 TL3 Moderate load conifer litter Moderate load conifer litter, light load of coarse fuels, spread rate and flame low 184 TL4 Small downed logs Moderate load of fine litter and coarse fuels, small diameter downed logs, spread rate and flame low 185 TL5 High load conifer litter High load conifer litter, light slash or dead fuel, spread rate and flame low 186 TL6 Moderate load broadleaf litter Moderate load broadleaf litter, spread rate and flame moderate 187 TL7 Large downed logs Heavy load forest litter, larger diameter downed logs, spread rate and flame low 188 TL8 Long needle litter Moderate load long needle pine litter, may have small amounts of herbaceous fuel, spread rate moderate and flame low 189 TL9 Very high load broadleaf litter Very high load fluffy broadleaf litter, may be heavy needle drape, spread rate and flame moderate 201 SB1 Low load activity fuel Light dead and down activity fuel, fine fuel is 10-20 t/ac, 1-3 inches in diameter, depth less than 1 foot, spread rate moderate and flame low 202 SB2 Moderate load activity fuel or low load blowdown Moderate dead down activity fuel or light blowdown, 7-12 t/ac, 0-3 inch diameter class, depth about 1 foot, blowdown scattered with many still standing, spread rate and flame low 203 SB3 High load activity fuel or moderate load blowdown Heavy dead down activity fuel or moderate blowdown, 7-12t/ac, 0-.25 inch diameter class, depth greater than 1 foot, blowdown moderate, spread rate and flame high 204 SB4 High load blowdown Heavy blowdown fuel, blowdown total, foliage and fine fuel still attached to blowdown, spread rate and flame very high
-9999 NoData
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: LANDFIRE Improvements Fire Behavior Fuel Model 40

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position:
Wildland Fire Science, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 47914 252nd Street
Address: USGS EROS
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: helpdesk@landfire.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0800 - 1600, CT M-F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Contact_Instructions:
The USGS point of contact is for questions relating only to the data display and download from this web site. For questions regarding data content and quality, refer to the original metadata document.
Distribution_Liability:
This product is reproduced from geospatial information prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service and USGS EROS. By removing the contents of this package or taking receipt of these files via electronic file transfer methods, you understand that the data stored on this media is in draft condition. Represented features may not be in an accurate geographic location. The Forest Service and USGS EROS make no expressed or implied warranty, including warranty of merchantability and fitness, with respect to the character, function, or capabilities of the data or their appropriateness for any user's purposes. The Forest Service and USGS EROS reserve the right to correct, update, modify, or replace this geospatial information without notification.
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Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS 10.3+
Format_Specification: Raster
Transfer_Size: 28.872
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://landfire.cr.usgs.gov/viewer>
Fees: None
Turnaround: Variable
Available_Time_Period:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20100101
Ending_Date: unknown

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20070201
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Geological Survey, Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
Contact_Position: Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: USGS EROS
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: helpdesk@landfire.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0800 - 1600 CT, M - F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System: None
Metadata_Security_Classification: Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description: None

Generated by mp version 2.9.12 on Tue Apr 30 10:14:18 2019