LANDFIRE Remap Forest Canopy Base Height (CBH) CONUS

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
LANDFIRE, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS), U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 20200821
Title: LANDFIRE Remap Forest Canopy Base Height (CBH) CONUS
Edition: LF Remap
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Sioux Falls, SD
Publisher:
Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS), U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://www.landfire.gov
Description:
Abstract:
LANDFIRE's (LF) Remap Canopy Base Height (CBH) supplies information used in fire behavior models to determine the critical point at which a surface fire will transition to a crown fire. CBH data are continuous from 0 to 9.9 meters (to the nearest 0.1 meter) and describe the lowest point in a stand where there is enough available fuel (0.25 in dia.) to propagate fire vertically through the canopy. Critical CBH is defined as the lowest point at which the canopy bulk density is .012 kg m-3. The CBH mapping process starts by deriving field referenced estimates of canopy characteristics through LF Reference Database (LFRDB) plot analysis. Utilizing LFRDB plots, a training data set to model CBH was created. Field referenced CBH values are calculated for each plot using the canopy fuel estimation software in Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS). Statistical analysis of plot variables indicates that LF Remap Existing Vegetation Type (EVT) and Existing Vegetation Height (EVH) demonstrate some influence on CBH, with Existing Vegetation Cover (EVC) affecting CBH values within certain EVTs. To model this relationship LF Remap Canopy Cover (CC) and Canopy Height (CH) are used as predictors of CBH; developing a linear regression equation per EVT and disturbance type/severity. These CBH regression models account for roughly two-thirds of EVT assignments. To account for missing EVTs, regression equations from similar EVTs are utilized as surrogates ensuring consistent values throughout.
In some, instances LF Remap assumes the potential burnable biomass in the tree canopy has been accounted for in the surface fuel model. For example, young or short conifer stands where the trees are represented by a shrub type fuel model will not have canopy characteristics. For tree stands dominated by broadleaf species that are fire resistant (e.g. Populus spp.) are coded with a CBH of 10 meters. This artificial increase in CBH is done to prevent false simulation of crown fires that rarely occur in these areas. All non-forest values, including herbaceous/shrub systems and non-burnable types (urban, barren, snow and ice, and agriculture) are coded as 0. However, certain types of agriculture and urban vegetation that are burnable are assigned a constant value by LF Remap Total Fuel Change Toolbar (LFTFC) rulesets based on region and vegetation type.
LF Remap Annual Disturbance products are incorporated into CBH to provide informed changes by disturbance type, severity, and time since disturbance (TSD). Annual Disturbance products provide a pre-disturbance scenario represented by LF Remap existing vegetation products. The combination of pre-disturbance and non-disturbance vegetation are used to calculate CBH by vegetation type, cover, and height acted on by a disturbance event. Vegetation adjustments are modeled in disturbed areas based on disturbance type and severity using FVS derived linear equations. With the use of Annual Disturbance products, CBH also has capable fuels functionality. Capable fuels calculate TSD assignments for disturbed areas using an effective year. For example, year 2020 fuels may be calculated for the year 2020. This new process considers all the existing disturbances included in LF Remap and adjusts the TSD for these to the effective year (2020 in this example), making the products "2020 capable fuels." More information about capable fuels can be found at https://www.landfire.gov/lf_remap.php.
Purpose:
LF Remap is a comprehensive mapping effort that uses recent data to create a new base map product suite that better represents contemporary conditions. LF Remap represents circa 2016 ground conditions and is designed to produce vegetation, disturbance, and fuels products that inform wildland fire and ecological decision systems. LF Remap has improved past methodologies and processes to incorporate current satellite imagery, contemporary data sources, and the latest software and hardware technologies. Final LF Remap products offer significant improvements to all previous LF versions (read more about versions here https://www.landfire.gov/lf_schedule.php).
LF Remap products are designed to facilitate national and regional level strategic fire and resource management planning and reporting of management activities. The principal purposes of the products include providing, 1) national level, landscape scale geospatial products to support fire and fuels management planning, and 2) consistent fuels products to support fire planning, analysis, and budgeting to evaluate fire management alternatives.
Products are created at a 30 meter raster; however, the applicability of products varies by location and specific use. LF products were designed to support 1) national (all states) strategic planning, 2) regional (single large states or groups of smaller states), and 3) strategic/tactical planning for large sub regional landscapes and Fire Management Units (FMUs) (such as significant portions of states or multiple federal administrative entities). The applicability of LF products to support fire and land management planning on smaller areas will vary by product, location, and specific use. Managers and planners must evaluate LF products according to the scale and requirements specific to their needs.
Supplemental_Information:
This product has 2020 capable fuels functionality. Units are m * 10. To retrieve the real data value, user must divide the raster values in this data set by 10. The conversion from m to ft is 3.28 (multiply m by 3.28). CBH data range: 0 - 10 meters (0 - 100 raster values m*10). 100 = thematic class of all values >= 10 meters and some stands dominated by broadleaf species.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2020
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Biennially
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -127.98775263969655
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -65.25444546636928
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 51.64968101623376
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 22.765446426860603
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: fires
Theme_Keyword: hazard preparedness
Theme_Keyword: remote sensing
Theme_Keyword: image collections
Theme_Keyword: geospatial datasets
Theme_Keyword: geographic information systems
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: raster digital data
Theme_Keyword: Canopy Base Height
Theme_Keyword: CBH
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Forest Service (USFS)
Theme_Keyword: LANDFIRE Remap
Theme_Keyword: LANDFIRE 2016
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Common geographic areas
Place_Keyword: US
Place_Keyword: CONUS
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Continental U.S.
Place_Keyword: Conterminous US
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
LANDFIRE, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS), U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: physical
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198
Country: U.S.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605-594-6151
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: helpdesk@landfire.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
These products were created by the LF team at USGS EROS, Sioux Falls, SD. Refer to the contact information throughout this metadata to contact the LF team.
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: None in place
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description:
If there is ever doubt, contact the LF Help Desk at helpdesk@landfire.gov
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Microsoft Windows 10; ESRI ArcCatalog 10.6.1

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Products were tested to ensure that each attribute is represented consistently across all data sets. Attributes were not validated against in person observations.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
The products were pixel "truth" tested for consistency of land or water characteristics across all products.
Completeness_Report:
Products were formally tested to ensure that valid data was produced for all pixels. Each product was then validated and tested for duplicates, omissions, and errors.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Beginning in 2016 LF Remap products were created using recent advances in image compositing, tiling algorithms, and faster computing hardware to ensure that LF products remained relevant. LF Remap leveraged the Landsat archive, lidar data, and user contributed field plot data compiled into the LF Reference Database (LFRDB), to create new base map vegetation products. Reference resources included, but were not limited to, Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program plot data (USFS https://fia.fs.fed.us/), Landsat Dynamic Surface Water Extent [(DSWE) USGS https://www.usgs.gov/land-resources/nli/landsat/], the National Land Cover Dataset [(NLCD) USGS https://www.mrlc.gov/data], and National Agricultural Statistics Service [(NASS) USDA - https://www.nass.usda.gov/]. To read more about LF reference resources go to https://www.landfire.gov/reference.php. Information about LF Remap product testing is available by request or via the website at https://www.landfire.gov.
Process_Date: 20200821

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Grid Cell
Row_Count: 20729
Column_Count: 24853

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Albers Conical Equal Area
Albers_Conical_Equal_Area:
Standard_Parallel: 29.5
Standard_Parallel: 45.5
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -96.0
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 23.0
False_Easting: 0
False_Northing: 0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 30
Ordinate_Resolution: 30
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83)
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 1980
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: CBH
Entity_Type_Definition: LF Remap CBH attributes spreadsheet.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: LF Remap
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition:
Forest Canopy Base Height (CBH) describes the lowest point in a stand where there is sufficient available fuel to propagate fire vertically through the canopy.
Attribute_Definition_Source: LF Remap
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -9999
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: No Data
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LF Remap
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 100
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CBH_M_X_10
Attribute_Definition: Display attribute, Canopy Base Height is meters *10
Attribute_Definition_Source: LF Remap
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: NoData
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: No Data
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LF Remap
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Non-Forested
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Value is 0.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LF Remap
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: CBH > = 100
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Value is 100.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: LF Remap
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
LANDFIRE (LF) Remap Forest Canopy Base Height (CBH). An Attribute Table is included with each product download as a .dbf and embedded in the metadata. The Attribute Data Dictionary (ADD) can be found at https://www.landfire.gov/.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: https://www.landfire.gov/cbh.php

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
LANDFIRE, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS), U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: physical
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198
Country: U.S.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605-594-6151
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: helpdesk@landfire.gov
Distribution_Liability:
This product is reproduced from geospatial information prepared by the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) USGS EROS. By removing the contents of this package or taking receipt of these files via electronic file transfer methods, you understand that the data stored on this media can be updated at any time. Represented features may not be in an accurate geographic location. USGS EROS makes no expressed or implied warranty, including warranty of merchantability and fitness, with respect to the character, function, or capabilities of the data or their appropriateness for any user's purposes. USGS EROS reserves the right to correct, update, modify, or replace this geospatial information without notification.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ARCG
Format_Version_Date: 20200821
Format_Specification: LF Remap
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://www.landfire.gov
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20200821
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
LANDFIRE, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS), U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: physical
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198
Country: U.S.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605-594-6151
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: helpdesk@landfire.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System: None
Metadata_Security_Classification: Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description: None

Generated by mp version 2.9.12 on Tue Sep 01 15:42:59 2020